Abraham’s Mosque – Haram Ibrahimi
Al-Haram is a formidable rectangular building, which looks like a fortress. The construction of the walls and pavement is the work of King Herod. Inside, a vaulted Crusader church has been turned into a mosque housing the tomb of the prophets and their wives.
Inside the mosque is the Mihrab made of multi-colored marble and fine mosaics. The carved walnut Minbar, or pulpit next to it is a masterpiece of intricate workmanship. Another fine pulpit brought by Salah Ad-Din from Egypt, stands near the praying alcove.
Additional Crusader and Mamluk structures combine to make al-Haram one of the most impressive ancient monuments inPalestine. There are six tombs in the Mosque of Abraham, which are said to stand directly above the graves of the prophets and their wives buried in the Cave of el-Anbia.
Mamre Haram Al-Ram
After separating from his nephewLot, Abraham came to Mamre where he pitched his tent. Here, Abraham received the three angels who announced to him that his wife Sara would have a son. Abraham went to rescue Lot from Mamre, and there, he pleaded for Sodom and Gomorrah. Excavations at the site found remains of different Herodion, Byzantine, and Muslim buildings.
Oak of Abraham – Moscoby Church
An oak tree 2km west of Hebron marks the legendary site where Abraham pitched his tent. Excavations in 1926-28 revealed a Herodion enclosure with a well in its southwestern corner. Until recently pilgrims used to peel pieces of the trunk for good luck. Now, however, the Russian Orthodox Church who owns the site and the nearby monastery has wrapped the trunk with steel braces for protection.
The Old Town
The old town of Hebron is one of the oldest towns in Palestine. The market, or Souq, with its arched roofs and maze of alleys is definitely worth exploring. The shops and stalls sell everything from pottery, olivewood, blown glass, and a wide array of aromatic spices and dried fruits.
The Hebron Museum
In the heart of Hebron’s historical centre, near the Haram, the municipal museum is in the old Ibrahim al-Khalil Hammam.
Frequent exhibitions and the architectural style of the museum merit a visit.
Open daily 9:00-16:00 except Fridays. Tel: 02-222 3495.
This old village has some particularly beautiful examples of traditional dwellings, which specialists describe as a living example of what could have been the Byzantine habitat, embodying an unbroken architectural continuity across the centuries.
The villageof Samu’ looks out over fields of olives and vineyards. The known history of the village dates back to the Bronze Age and Canaanite ruins are present everywhere inside underground galleries.